Castellón de la Plana (officially in Valencian: Castelló de la Plana) is a Spanish city and municipality, capital of the province of Castellón and the Plana Alta region, located in the northeast of the Valencian Community. Geographically, it is situated in the east of the Iberian Peninsula on a flat expanse of land, surrounded by various mountain ranges in the interior and the Mediterranean Sea to the east, in front of which the 8.6 kilometres of the Costa del Azahar (Orange Blossom Coast) that the municipality enjoys stretch out.
Castellón is the fourth largest city in the Valencian Community in terms of population, with a population of 161,238 inhabitants.
The Arab “Castelló” of Fadrell in the foothills of the Sierra del Desert together with the Alquerías de La Plana, were the first shelters of the founders of the city. It was conquered by James I in 1233. The birth certificate of Castellón is dated 8 September 1251 in Lleida, where James I granted his royal permission to move the city from the mountains to the plain, a move that tradition places on the third Sunday of Lent in 1252. In the Middle Ages, the city was protected by moats, walls and towers; walls that were demolished during the 19th century. In 1833, when the definitive provincial boundaries were established, Castellón de la Plana became the capital of its current demarcation.
Today, it is a city on the rise, with high-quality industry and craftsmanship and a modern university campus.
A city with a highly diversified economy, but also with an attractive geographical variety, proudly expressing its status as a Mediterranean town overlooking the sea. Fertile orchards populated by orange trees.
The main centre is located in the Plaza Mayor and its surroundings, where the Cathedral of Santa María, the Fadrí, the Town Hall and the Central Market can be found. Also of interest are the Church of San Agustín (17th and 18th century), several mansions (Casa dels Orfens, Casa dels Miquels, Casa del Baron de la Puebla), the buildings of the Old Casino, the Post Office, the Francisco Ribalta Institute and the Provincial Council. Don’t forget to visit the Ribalta Park and the Basilica de la Mare de Déu del Lledó and the Convent of the Capuchin Nuns.
Two types of landscape are combined: on the one hand, its 14 km of coastline, with warm, fine sandy beaches and a wide range of hotels, especially El Pinar, to the north, and a short distance from El Pinar Park (Natural Park) and the beaches of Gurugú and Serradal. 30 miles from Grao you can see the Columbretes Islands, 14 islets of volcanic origin, declared a Protected Natural Park. The northern sector of the municipality makes up its other landscape, invaded by the foothills of the Serralada de les Palmes mountain range, with peaks such as Roca Blanca, Magdalena, Jonquera and especially Pic Penyagolosa, and its 1,813 m of altitude.