Italy: Family policies and the impact of family districts

Conference held in Fai della Paganella. The Vice President of the Autonomous Province of Trento Francesca Gerosa attended.

By The Agency for Social Cohesion,

Press release

Present at the meeting today was Francesca Gerosa, vice-president and councillor for family policies of the Autonomous Province of Trento, who began, “Today’s event is very important for us, and I thank Dr. Malfer for the important work done with the Agency on the issues that are the subject of today’s work. Our family policies are of reference and at the attention of many regions of Italy. These policies aimed at family welfare make our province great and are indispensable especially in today’s society where social complexities are increasing and fragile, complex and broken families are growing. More and more specific attention to their needs is needed, and close networking and the development of synergies in the territories and beyond is necessary to accompany families in an increasingly challenging society. It is essential now,” he added, “to have an all-round vision by linking these policies to others related to them such as those toward the youth population, education and sports. I believe that Trentino,” he concluded, “can do even more by looking to the future with optimism thanks to the collaboration of everyone to implement this virtuous path in the territory.

Moderated by Debora Nicoletto, Family Districts coordinator of the Agency for Social Cohesion, the event kicked off with institutional greetings from Maria Vittoria Mottes mayor of Fai della Paganella, Arduino Zeni, president of the Paganella Community, Eleonora Bottamedi, institutional coordinator of the Paganella Family District, Walter Viola, general manager of the Demarchi Foundation, and Benedetta Dallavalle, territorial manager of the Paganella Family District.

On demographic scenarios, welfare policies, social cohesion and family districts, Luciano Malfer, director general of the Agency for Social Cohesion, spoke: “The 20 family districts are closely related to the economic districts in terms of the action they take on the territory. In addition to the territorial districts, there are thematic districts such as the one for sports, education, ski family, family audit, summer services, to which 1,200 organizations belong, 72.5 percent of which belong to the private sector. We record a steady increase in public and private organizations that want to join the Trentino Districts. To date, the Districts generate more than 700 actions each year aimed at the well-being of families and the community.” Finally, Malfer pointed out that the Trentino population lives 95 percent in a certified “Family Friendly” municipality.

The Report on the state of implementation of Law 1/2011 and the analysis of the demographic trend were illustrated by Vincenzo Bertozzi, ISPAT executive of the Autonomous Province of Trento: “Trentino recorded a per capita GDP of 40,800 in 2021 ranking 32 percent above the national average and 26 percent above the European average, and is also in virtuous positions according to the social progress index.” Bertozzi added that the demographic trend settles at a population of 542,996 in 2022: “Trentino families are composed of 39.2 percent with one child, 44.5 percent with two children and 16.3 percent with three children (a figure, the latter, 10 percent higher than the national average). If we look at the community overall,” he said, “it is composed of 37.7 percent one person, 30 percent couples with children, and 21.4 percent couples without children. Finally, regarding the satisfaction of the population about social relations, salary, health, leisure time, it is generally good.” The problem,” he concluded, “will be the replacement of the population to date of working age, which will drop by 10 percent and will be difficult to replace given the declining population.

He spoke about “social cohesion of families” Carlo Buzzi professor at the Department of Sociology and Social Research at the University of Trento: “We all know about demographic decline and Trentino is not exempt, although it has slightly lower values than the national average. According to statistical surveys, the poverty rate in Trentino is 5.5 percent against the national average of 11 percent, and the delinquency rate is 22.8 percent against the national at 35.6 percent. Neet in Trentino is at 17 percent against the national at 27.7 percent. Other flagship data of our Trentino,” he said, “are, for example, volunteer activities at 18.9 percent against the national at 8.3 percent. Lastly, about the demographic trend, Buzzi said that “in Trentino on average there are 1.37 children per woman compared to Italy stationary at 1.24. The causes of the denatality are: the objective decrease in women who can have children, the increase in women who do not have children, the increase in young people living in families, the increase in separations and precarious youth employment.”

The university’s study on the economic impact of the districts on the territory were presented by Caterina Pesci lecturer in the Department of Economics and Management at the University of Trento: “Three methodologies were used: a measurement tool aimed at obtaining a numerical result of the impact generated by the districts’ activities; a second analysis tool consists of a dashboard of indicators to be implemented by each territorial manager in order to arrive at measurements regarding the efficiency of the districts’ model; and a third measurement tool is represented by satisfaction questionnaires administered to the population. From these three survey tracks, it emerged that the impact generated for members of the districts system can be estimated at between 1,378,300 euros and 4,063,300 euros: in short, these figures refer to the value of the services that district members can take advantage of, which are – to name a few – communication activities, marketing and the organization of training and educational events for the welfare of the territory.”

Finally, Sabrina Berlanda, researcher at the Franco Demarchi Foundation, presented the family districts’ projects in the year 2023: “As a result of the Covid-19 health emergency, new needs emerged from families to which the 20 Family Districts tried to respond through the implementation of 22 projects, including thematic workshops, educational activities, training, public events and volunteering.” Berlanda also added that the projects made it possible to experiment with new ways of creating contexts for meeting and exchange in informal and workshop situations and to develop an original and innovative social context because it promoted dynamics of authentic social inclusion. In addition, thanks to these projects, the District’s member institutions have been enhanced, with the possibility of collaboration among them and increasingly effective calibration of interventions and actions for the coming years.”

The convention concluded with the launch of the sixth provincial Family Districts Conference to be held in 2025 in the Chiese Valley. The upcoming edition was presented by Elisa Lombardi, institutional contact person for the Chiese District.

Leave a comment